Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint Ventures

1. Explain why control is important when deciding how a group?s investments should be reported in their consolidated financial statements. How is control determined?2. Until 1 January 2012, JP operated a payroll services division providing payroll services for itself and also for a number of external customers. On 1 January 2012 the business of the division and assets with a value of ?500,000 were transferred into a separate company called KN, which was set up by JP. The sales director of KN owns 100% of its equity share capital. A contractual agreement signed by both the sales director of KN and a director of JP states that the operating and financial policies of KN will be made by the board of JP. KN has acquired a long-term loan of ?1,000,000 with JP acting as guarantor. Profits and losses of KN, after deduction of the sales director?s salary, flow to JP. The directors of JP wish to avoid consolidating KN as the additional borrowings of KN would negatively impact on JP?s gearing ratio.Discuss how the relationship with KN should be reflected in the financial statements of the JP group.3. Define the following and explain the accounting treatment for each in both the statement of financial position and the statement of comprehensive income:An investmentAn associateA joint ventureA subsidiary4. In May 2011 IFRS11 Joint Arrangements changed the accounting treatment of joint ventures. Explain the change in the treatment of joint ventures and discuss whether you consider the new standard provides users of financial statements with more useful information.!

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